In France, it was in Marseille, in 1644, that coffee made its appearance. 

To find out where coffee comes from in France, click here.

Espeletia Café
52 rue Davy, 75017 Paris
Métro : Guy-Moquet / La Fourche

47 rue de Babylone
75007 Paris
Tel : 09 88 40 47 99

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From 1671, a shop was established in Marseille to sell coffee and the equipment necessary for its consumption. A year later, an Armenian opened his first coffee drink business, known as “Café”, which combines the fruit, the drink and the place of sale. Faced with recalcitrant doctors and therefore few customers, the establishment closed. In 1686, a former waiter from this first café opened a new establishment called “Procope”. High society will enjoy this place as it is luxuriously appointed with crystal chandeliers, marble tables, tapestries and mirrors. There we come across La Fontaine, Racine and Voltaire. Later, the Procope will welcome Rousseau, Diderot, d’Alembert, La Fayette who will also meet at the café “Le Régence”, near the Palais-Royal. In these places frequented by the bourgeoisie, we talk about the news, we play chess . But they become sulphurous, so much so that Montesquieu said in 1721: “this drink gives spirit. If I were the sovereign, I would close the cafés because those who frequent them annoyingly lose their brains there. The “Procope” would a little later become the active center of the French Revolution.

The  Phryges  come from a garment which is a  symbol  of freedom, present in our History for centuries, and  which  appeared since Antiquity. Present on Latin American flags before being popularized by the French revolutionaries, the Phrygian cap  is today well known to the French popular imagination .  A revolutionary symbol of the  Republic and freedom,  the  Phrygian cap adorns  Marianne in our town halls  or on stamps.

In France, more than 75% of coffee imports come from countries that do not produce coffee.

With 70% of daily drinkers according to a MaxiCoffe study in 2021, coffee is one of the most consumed drinks after water in France!

Fair trade coffee in France

The development of fair trade coffee in France

Coffee is one of the cultivated products most responsible for tropical deforestation,  along with palm oil, beef and soy, not to mention that its massive importation also emits a significant amount of CO2. Indeed,  soluble coffee, for example, emits around 30 kg of CO2.
In theory, coffee is a plant that grows in the shade of trees, but due to its intensive production, an increasing proportion is cultivated in full light, causing intense deforestation, massive use of pesticides and soil erosion. water and soil.
It is in this context that fair trade coffee was developed. Fair trade is an ethical and responsible economic model based on modes of production, marketing and consumption which contribute to sustainable development through better remuneration of peasant producers, respect for the fundamental rights of producers and workers, as well as the preservation of the environment. If a product meets fair trade requirements, it receives a logo that helps differentiate it in supermarkets, restaurants and other places. In France, sales of fair trade coffee have exploded  in recent years, going from 5,300 tonnes in 2005 to nearly 13,000 tonnes in 2020. Furthermore, coffee is one of the most consumed organic food products, with 30% of fair trade coffee drinkers coffee preferring  organic coffee. agriculture.  In France.